Jon Snow, 72, is an experienced journalist, having spent three decades performing on Channel 4 News. The journalist is known for his scrutiny in silver tongues, provoking hard facts of elusive politicians. The interviewer rarely becomes the interviewee, but in an interview with the Daily Mail Online a few years ago, the star opened up about her personal life.
According to the NHS, hepatitis A is a liver infection caused by a virus that spreads in the poop of an infected person.
As the health site explains, it is unusual in the UK, but certain groups are most at risk, including travelers to poorly sanitized parts of the world, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs.
Hepatitis A can be unpleasant, but it is usually not serious and most people recover completely within a few months.
However, as the NHS notes, hepatitis A can occasionally last many months and in rare cases can be fatal if it causes the liver to stop functioning properly (liver failure).
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What are the symptoms?
"Symptoms of hepatitis A develop on average about 4 weeks after infection, although not all have," the NHS explained.
Symptoms may include:
- Feeling tired and usually bad
- Joint and muscle pain
- A high temperature
- Loss of appetite
- Feeling or being sick
- Pain in the upper right of your belly
- Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
- Dark pee and pale poop
- Itching skin
You should consult your doctor if you think you might have been infected with the virus – a blood test will be needed to rule out more serious conditions with similar symptoms, the NHS warns.
Although hepatitis A is usually not a cause for concern, in rare cases it can cause the liver to stop working properly (liver failure).
According to the NHS, if this happens, you can try:
- Sudden and severe vomiting
- Tendency to bruise and bleed easily (eg, frequent nose bleeds or gum bleeding)
- Memory and concentration problems
- Drowsiness and confusion
“Consult a doctor as soon as possible if you have these symptoms. Liver failure can be fatal if not treated quickly, ”warns the NHS.
How to treat it
There is currently no cure for hepatitis A, but it usually gets better on its own in a few months and you can usually take care of yourself at home, explains the NHS.
As your health body notes, your doctor can also advise you on treatments. They may perform regular blood tests to check the functioning of your liver.
"Return to your doctor if symptoms get worse or do not start to improve in a few months," the health website advised.
The following personal tips may also help alleviate your symptoms:
- Get plenty of rest – especially during the early stages of infection, as you will probably feel very tired.
- Take painkillers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen if you have pain – how much you can take depends on how well your liver is working (ask your GP)
- Reduce itching by maintaining a cool, well-ventilated environment, wearing loose clothing and avoiding hot showers or showers – your GP may recommend using an antihistamine in severe cases.
- Eat small light meals to help reduce nausea and vomiting – your doctor may prescribe a medicine called an antiemetic if the problem persists.
- Avoid alcohol – alcohol consumption can overload your liver, so avoid it until your doctor checks it.
- While you are sick, it is also important to try to reduce the risk of spreading the infection to others.
As the NHS explains, you must:
- Stay out of work or school for at least one week after jaundice or other symptoms start.
- Avoid preparing food for others if possible
- Wash your hands with soap and water regularly, especially after going to the bathroom and before preparing food.
- Avoid sharing towels
- Wash dirty clothes separately in a hot cycle
- clean the bathroom, wash the handles and taps more often than usual
Avoid having sex while infectious – hepatitis A is most infectious about two weeks before the onset of symptoms until about one week after the first development (ask your GP).
The health agency added, "Any close contact, such as people living in the same house as you, may be advised to get the hepatitis A vaccine to reduce the risk of getting infected."