Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi. It is usually transmitted to humans through ticks that have already bitten an infected animal, such as a deer, mouse or hedgehog. Ticks with Lyme disease can be found across the UK, but are more prevalent in grassy and wooded areas. Recently, Lyme disease gained a lot of attention when singer Justin Bieber revealed that he suffers from the disease.
Cases of Lyme disease in the UK may be three times higher than previous estimates, according to new research.
Health experts analyzed medical records of 8.4 million people across the UK and predicted that the total number of Lyme disease diagnoses in the UK could reach 8,000, compared with previous estimates between 2,000 and 3,000.
The difficulty with Lyme disease is that its unusual symptoms are not easily identifiable as belonging only to the disease.
Feeling this sensation in your head, however, can mean a risk of tick-borne disease.
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The disease was first reported in the USA in 1977 in Old Lyme, Connecticut, hence the name.
The National Institutes of Excellence in Health and Care (NICE) says that individuals who spend most of their time outdoors are at increased risk of being exposed to ticks that spread Lyme disease.
Lyme disease has many symptoms, making diagnosis difficult.
The initial symptoms may be similar to flu and about a quarter of cases will develop a circular red rash around the bite.
Another sign of Lyme disease is in a person's head.
Having headache, neck pain and stiffness can all indicate symptoms of Lyme disease. Headaches are one of the most common symptoms of Lyme disease.
Official Journal of Pediatrics of the American Academy of Pediatrics said: “The increase in intracranial pressure in patients with Lyme disease is an unusual but reported finding.
"Two patients from endemic areas of Lyme had symptoms such as headache, nausea and vomiting.
"Two cases of children had chronic headaches due to Lyme disease."
According to the new guidance draft published by NICE in February, doctors are advised not to wait for the results of blood tests on a potential Lyme disease patient if they already have a rash on the body.
Professor Gillian Leng, director of health and social care at NICE, said: "If there is a rash on the porthole, health professionals should feel confident in diagnosing Lyme disease."
If you are suffering from severe headaches, accompanied by stiff neck, talk to your doctor about possible causes and if you have a rash with headaches, see your doctor immediately.