One new prostate cancer The test developed by scientists may involve a urine test at home. Experts hope this will revolutionize the diagnosis of the disease by creating the home collection kit.
For these men, the test could reduce follow-up appointments from once a year to once every two to three years.
Experts behind the prostate urine risk test (PUR) at the University of East Anglia (UEA) and Norfolk University and Norwich Hospital say they have now developed the test so that urine samples can be collected at home. .
This means that men do not need to go to the clinic to provide a urine sample or have a rectal exam.
They say this is an important step because the first urine of the day provides levels of prostate biomarkers that are much higher and more consistent than at other times.
DO NOT MISS
Principal investigator Jeremy Clark of the UWA Norwich Medical School said: "The PUR test analyzes gene expression in urine samples and provides vital information about whether a cancer is aggressive or" low risk ".
"Being able to simply provide a urine sample at home and submit a sample for analysis can really revolutionize the diagnosis.
"This means that men would not have to undergo a digital rectal exam, so it would be much less stressful and result in many more patients being tested."
As part of a small study, the researchers gave 14 home collection kits to men and compared the results of their morning urine samples with those collected after a digital rectal exam.
"This contrasts with the current situation in which men are called to the clinic every six to 12 months for painful and expensive biopsies.
"Because the PUR test accurately predicts aggressive prostate cancer and predicts whether patients will need treatment up to five years before standard clinical methods – this means that a negative test can allow men to be retested every two to three years. relieving stress. patient and reducing hospital workload. "
The research team says its findings may also help pioneer the development of home collection tests for bladder and kidney cancer.
About 48,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer each year in the UK, and over 11,000 die from it.
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
Detecting prostate cancer symptoms is also important. Symptoms usually do not occur until the cancer grows enough to press the tube that takes bladder urine out of the penis, known as the urethra.
When this happens, the NHS says the following symptoms may appear:
- Needing to pee more often, often at night
- Needing to run to the bathroom
- Difficulty starting to pee (hesitation)
- Stretching or taking too long while peeing
- Weak flow
- Feeling that your bladder has not completely emptied
- Blood in urine or blood in semen
These symptoms do not always mean that you have prostate cancer, but you should always consult your doctor, who can rule out any serious cause.