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Spiders: How to identify spiders in YOUR home? The 10 common spiders in the UK

by Ace Damon
Spiders: How to identify spiders in YOUR home? The 10 common spiders in the UK

The season for spiders has come and scary creepers, large and small, will invade your home when the mating season begins. Eight-legged creatures migrate within each year as the autumn season arrives and the weather cools. One in five Britons suffer from arachnophobia, but for those who don't, identifying and identifying spiders can become a fun activity for the family. So how can you identify the spiders in your home and what are the most common spiders you are likely to see?

There are over 650 species of spiders in the UK that can bite, but only 12 of them are really harmful to humans.

Express.co.uk has compiled a list of the most common spiders you are likely to encounter in your home.

Spiders: What are the most common spider species found in your home? (Image: GETTY)

House Spiders

The giant house spider can reach up to 12 cm wide and is most common in sheds, gardens and cavity walls, where they are less likely to be disturbed.

However, when the mating season begins, they move inward to find a dry place to mate.

Often the giant house spider is the one you'll find in your bath.

They can run very quickly, but only for a short time before they need a break to recover from their exhaustion.

This spider breed is known for making large webs that can last for years.

Giant spiders have a potent poison and can bite, but usually do not pose a threat to humans.

Spiders: Giant House Spider

Spiders: The Giant House Spider (Image: GETTY)

Missing spider web orb sector

The missing sector orb weaver is named because it spins an orb web with an entire missing sector.

These creatures have a broader, darker median longitudinal band, previously wider, on a lighter light brown background.

The abdomen is covered by a wide band with jagged edges, with white edges, darker interior and lighter midline.

The lighter areas of the abdomen usually have a silver glow and the legs have rings.

They grow up to 1.5 cm, which means that this arachnid is relatively small and is common in Britain's homes and gardens.

This spider feeds on almost any flying insect caught in its web.

As the outside temperature gets colder in late fall, they often enter indoors through open windows and build their nets inside the windows.

Spiders: The Missing Sector Orb Web Spider

Spiders: The Missing Orb Sector Spider (Image: GETTY)

Zebra Jumping Spider

The zebra jumping spider is a small spider with white and black markings and a characteristic irregular start and stop motion.

They are usually found hunting on outside walls and surfaces, but are also often seen venturing indoors through open doors and windows.

This group of spiders do not use webs to capture their prey, but actively hunt during the day; instead they have large eyes and ambush small insects by attacking them.

The zebra jumping spider usually grows to about 0.8 cm.

Spiders: the jumping zebra spider

Spiders: the jumping zebra spider (Image: GETTY)

Cellar Spiders / Daddy's Long Legged Spider

The cellar spiders, or daddy's spiders, are long, with grayish bodies and long, thin legs.

They can grow up to 4.5 cm and prefer the warmth of your home, garage and sheds.

They are rarely found outdoors as they are not adapted to survive winter temperatures.

Their webs are untidy, without a great design, and are usually made in corners of the ceiling.

If disturbed, they vibrate in their networks, believed to be trying to scare predators.

They feed on insects found in homes and also carry other spiders, including surprisingly large house spiders.

There are urban myths that suggest that the long-legged father's spider contains the most potent poison, but its prey is not strong enough to pierce the human skin.

Reports suggest that basement spiders may bite, but the poison only produces a very brief and mild burning sensation.

Spiders: Cellar Spider

Spiders: long-legged basement or daddy spider (Image: GETTY)

Cardinal Spider

The cardinal spider grows up to 14 cm, which can be extremely scary.

These spiders, however, are not aggressive or dangerous.

They are usually reddish brown in color and live mostly in buildings or walls.

They are known for their huge size, incredible speed and their nocturnal habits.

The name is believed to derive from the rumor that Cardinal Thomas Woolsey was terrified of this spider species at Hampton Court in the 16th century.

Spiders: Cardinal Spider

Spiders: Cardinal Spider (Image: GETTY)

Money spiders

The money spiders are the smallest spider in Britain, growing no more than 0.5 cm in length with a leg extension of 0.2 cm.

The name comes from an old superstition that if someone got caught in your hair, it would bring good luck and greater wealth.

The money spider is often seen hanging upside down under a web of leaf.

Their webs are usually seen in bushes or shrubs.

During the mating season, they are often seen in the corners of houses.

The money spider weaves webs and bites its prey to paralyze it – before wrapping it in silk and eating it.

Money spiders are harmless to humans because their prey is not even big enough to break human skin.

Spiders: Money Spider

Spiders: Money Spider (Image: GETTY)

Spider web

Lace web spiders are usually found on outer walls, fences and clutter around the garden.

However, these spiders withdraw in the fall months to find a mate.

It is also common to find out that they have been flooded from their homes when the rain is heavy.

They usually grow to a size of about 5 to 15 mm and are brown with yellowish patches of the abdomen.

These spiders have been known to bite people in recent years, and reports say the bites are painful, but the symptoms usually consist of localized swelling for about 12 hours.

Spiders: Lace Spider

Spiders: lace web spider (Image: GETTY)

False Widow Spider

The fake widow spider, which grows 1.4 cm for females and 1 cm for males, is nocturnal and therefore usually spends the day sleeping.

They like hot and dry environments and do not like to be disturbed, which usually attracts them to people's homes.

Even more likely to be seen outside, they also enjoy sitting under toilets, refrigerators, and washing machines.

All species have distinct sets of markings on the abdomen, such as a lighter white or light band around the front of the abdomen, toward the head, and also other markings that vary by species.

However, all these marks can be variable, faded or missing, especially in adult women.

Their nets are a tangle of crossed wires that can become quite dense in the center if undisturbed.

Adult widow spiders are known to have bitten humans, although they are generally not aggressive and attacks on people are rare and there are no reports of deaths in the UK.

If bitten, symptoms include a numb feeling of severe bloating and discomfort.

In more severe cases, there may be various levels of burning or chest pain, which will depend on the amount of poison injected.

Spiders: False Widow Spider

Spiders: fake widow spider (Image: GETTY)

Pipe Spider Web

The tubular spider web is named for the tube-shaped web used to capture its prey.

These spiders, which can grow up to 2.2 cm, are often found in cracks in buildings that cover with silk lines while waiting at the entrance.

These creatures originated from the Mediterranean regions, but can now be found in many British cities.

This spider bites and the pain was compared to a deep injection with the sensation lasting several hours.

Nevertheless, the bites do not seem to have lasting effects.

Spiders: Lace Spider

Spiders: lace web spider (Image: GETTY)

Cabinet Spiders

A closet spider looks a lot like the fake black widow spider.

The body length of a cabinet's spiders is usually between 0.4 cm and 1 cm.

This species is often confused because of its dark color and equally bulbous abdomen, and its appearance may vary slightly from purple to brown and black.

The female can lay egg sacs at least three times a year, which usually contain between 40 and 100 eggs.

They are known to bite humans but are generally not aggressive.

Although the lesions are mild, symptoms may include blisters and general malaise, which may last a few days.

Spiders: Cabinet Spider

Spiders: Cabinet Spider (Image: GETTY)

Is there an app to help you identify spiders?

The Society of Biology and the University of Gloucestershire launched a new application five years ago to help the public learn more about the spiders that will be in their homes in the coming months.

The app "Spider in" from House's is available at Android and Apple Application stores.

It uses photos, identification tools, and other facts to enable people to identify and learn about 12 of the most common spiders found indoors.

Professor Adam Hart of Gloucestershire University said: “By eating flies and other insects, spiders are not only providing us with a pest control service, but are important in ecosystems.

“They usually feed on the most common species, preventing some species from becoming dominant.

"We want to encourage people to respect and learn more about the little guests in the house."

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