Testiculate Cancer It is one of the least common cancers in the UK, but it is still important to be aware of the symptoms. One of the most recognizable signs is a painless swelling or lump in one of the testicles, or any change in the shape or texture of the testicles.
“The most common site for the spread of testicular cancer is the lymph nodes near your belly (abdomen) or lungs.
“Lymph nodes are glands that make up your immune system.
"Less commonly, cancer can spread to the liver, brain or bones."
One of the symptoms of metastatic testicular cancer is persistent cough.
DO NOT MISS
Most coughs are caused by a cold or flu and are accompanied by a stuffy or runny nose, sore throat, increased temperature and headaches.
If your cough does not improve after three weeks or gets worse, you should consult a doctor.
In some cases, a persistent cough can be a sign of lung cancer – one of the most common and serious types of cancer.
Other symptoms of metastatic testicular cancer include:
- Coughing or spitting blood
- Shortness of breath
- Swelling and enlargement of male breasts
- Lump or swelling in the neck
- Pain in the lower back
Testicular Cancer Treatment
The three main treatments for testicular cancer are surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, but the treatment depends on the cancer stage.
Macmillan Cancer Support explains: “For some men, surgery to remove the testicle may be the only treatment needed.
"After surgery, you will be asked to return to the clinic regularly to measure your tumor markers and other tests.
“This is called surveillance. If the cancer comes back, blood tests and exams will help your doctors get it early and treatment can usually cure it.
“You may need chemotherapy treatment after surgery. This is known as adjuvant treatment. It is given to reduce the small risk of cancer coming back. "
What causes testicular cancer?
The exact cause of testicular cancer is unknown, but there are risk factors that have been associated with the condition.
The main risk factor is being born with an undescended testis, says Bupa.
The health organization explains: “This means that one or both testicles remained in the abdomen rather than down to the scrotum.
“Your testicles may have dropped later or you may need a surgical operation to bring them down.
"If you had an undescended testis, you're three times more likely to develop testicular cancer than men who didn't have it. And if you didn't fix it at 13, you could be up to six times more likely to develop cancer." of testicle. ”
Other risk factors include having testicular cancer in the other testis previously, having a sibling or parent who has had testicular cancer, and having poor quality sperm and fertility problems.