By 2030, the United Nations wants protected areas to cover 30 percent of the earth, including oceans, to defend the planet's biodiversity, according to a document released today.
The document is the first version of a proposal that will be discussed at the 15th meeting of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15), scheduled for the city of Kunming, China, in October this year and which is considered crucial for define an ecosystem protection roadmap.
The draft text to be negotiated at COP15 provides, inter alia, “the protection of sites of particular importance for biodiversity through protected areas and other effective conservation measures by region”, covering “at least 30% of land and marine areas, at least 10% under strict protection ”by 2030. Percentages are to be negotiated at COP15.
Non-governmental organizations have already expressed concern about the lack of any mention of the effective management of these spaces.
Another measure is to "reduce pollution caused by excess nutrients, biocides, plastic waste and other sources of pollution by at least 50% by the end of the decade."
The text takes up the conclusions of UN biodiversity experts. In a large report published in May 2019, experts highlighted the role of agriculture, deforestation, hunting and fishing, climate change, pollution and invasive species in the rapid degradation of nature.
The Convention also underlines the importance of nature-based solutions in meeting the goals of the Paris agreement on reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Biodiversity experts will meet on several occasions this year, one from February 15-22 in India, at the 13th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Migratory Species and Wildlife.
From 23 to 28 February the World Biodiversity Forum meets in Davos, Switzerland. And at the same time (February 24-28), the first COP15 preparatory meeting is being held in China.
From 2 to 6 June Portugal and Kenya jointly host the UN Oceans Conference in Lisbon.
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